first_img Volkswagen (VW) first sold a diesel vehicle in Britain equipped with software which rigged the result of emissions tests in 2008, UK managing director Paul Willis told the Commons Transport select committee on 12 October. It seems around 2008 from the information I have at the moment. I knew nothing about this subject until 19 September this year, when I first heard it on the news from the United States.During the hearing Willis answered questions from British lawmakers and vowed that Volkswagen would work to win back trust. He also said there were questions around the emissions testing process, and that the firm should discuss with British regulators the possibility of paying towards the re-testing of vehicles. Willis told Louise Ellman, the chair of the parliamentary committee, that the first recalls of the faulty models will take place in the first quarter of 2016.Were determined to get to the bottom of this, because we have to get to the bottom of this issue to regain the trust of our customers. We will call the cars back step by step and I intend in the United Kingdom to contact every single customer to try to call those cars back, said Willis. The Volkswagen managing director also defended allegations that it was a corporate decision to circumvent the emissions tests. I find it absolutely implausible that senior people of the company would have known of these issues with regard to the testing regime, he said.The biggest business crisis in VWs 78-year history has wiped about a third off its share price, forced out its long-time CEO, prompted investigations across the world and shaken both the car industry and German establishment. Closelast_img read more

first_imgnonameRuling Bangladesh Awami League (AL) has decided to see a test of its main rival, Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) in the election to two city corporations, according to senior AL leaders.A central leader said they are taking preparations to hold elections in Gazipur and Khulna city corporations to assess the popularity of the BNP, before elections elsewhere.The election schedules of Gazipur and Khulna city corporations will be announced on 31 March, the election commission’s secretary Helal Uddin told journalists. The elections may be held in May.In fact, party leaders indicated, the ruling AL has no interest in holding elections to city corporations before the all-important national elections to be held at the year end.The AL could not forget its 2013 experience, when its mayoral candidates all five city corporation elections to the BNP nominees.The AL, however, wants to see how the BNP’s capacity without its chairperson Khaleda Zia campaigning in Gazipur and Khulna city corporation elections.On the basis of results of these two city corporations, the government will make plans for the elections to the rest of the city corporations where tenures of office-bearers are schedule to expire.Accordingly, the election commission can hold elections to Gazipur City Corporation any time. It can hold elections to Khulna City Corporation after 30 March.The elections to Rajshahi City Corporation (RCC) can be held after 9 April, in Sylhet after 11 April and in Barisal after 27 April.According to the EC and the government, there is no legal issue that can halt elections to five city corporations. It is possible to hold elections to all five city corporations simultaneously after Eid-ul-Fitr.However, apart from the AL’s reluctance to hold elections to all city corporations at a time, the ruling party is focusing on the process of national elections that is expected to begin after Eid-ul-Fitr to be celebrated in June.Earlier, the EC announced the schedule of by-elections to Dhaka North City Corporation on 26 February. Following a court order, the election was halted. The DNCC mayoral post fell vacant after the death of Annisul Huq.Elections to RCC, KCC, SCC and BCC were held in June of 2013 ahead of the 10th national elections held in 5 January of 2014 and all AL candidates were defeated then. The AL also lost the GCC elections held in July of 2013. BNP candidates won mayoral posts of all five city corporations.According to the AL’s own assessment, the party is not in a position to beat the BNP in elections to the five city corporations.A central leader of AL, preferring not to be named, said the people criticised the government for not holding elections to DNCC out of fear of defeat after the election was halted by a court order.The government will be liable if the elections to other city corporations are halted as well, the leader said adding the BNP has claimed that their popularity has increased after the former prime minister was sent to jail in Zia Orphanage Trust graft case.The ruling party leader said they want to see whether the BNP joins the elections and how they perform in the elections.Some of the AL leaders believe the AL’s position is better in Gazipur this time while the position of BNP is better in Khulna. If the party wins at least one of two city corporations elections, their prestige will be saved, the leaders feel.AL presidium member and member of nomination board for local government elections, Abdur Razzak told Prothom Alo, “There was no formal discussion over the city corporation elections. Formal process can’t be started before the announcement of the election schedule.”He said the AL is not scared of elections. AL candidates will also win in the city corporation elections as the party has brought about massive development in the country in the past nine years, Razzak expressed his optimism.Elections to three city corporations were held in one and half years. The AL candidate won in Naryanganj, the BNP in Comilla and Jatiya Party in Rangpur. The AL was sure of winning Narayanganj for personal image of Selina Hyat Ivy.AL was not interested in holding elections to DNCC as there was no ‘guarantee’ of its win in the elections.      The ruling party has unofficially directed some aspirants to work for city corporation elections. Of them, former mayor of Sylhet City Corporation Badruddin Ahmed Kamran and Rajshahi city unit president AHM Khairuzzaman Liton have received green signal from party president, prime minister Sheikh Hasina.AL central leaders asked Gazipur city AL leader Jahangir Alam to work for the upcoming elections.Serniabat Sadiq Abdullah, son of prime minister Sheikh Hasina’s cousin and Barisal AL president Abul Hasnat Abdullah, and Hasina’s cousin Sheikh Jewel are in talks to get nomination for the election respectively from Barisal and Khulna.Former city mayor Talukdar Abdul Khalek is also a contender for the party nomination in Khulna. But, he is a member of parliament from Bagerhat-3 constituency. If he wants to participate in the city corporation election, he has to resign as MP.“I’m not interested in participating in the election,” he said. “Despite development works, I lost the city corporation election. So, I no more want to go back there,” he added.On the contrary, Sheikh Jewel is yet to participate in any elections.In Gazipur, city AL president Azmat Ullah Khan and general secretary Jahangir Alam are hopeful of winning the party ticket.In the last Gazipur city polls, held on 6 July, 2013, Azmat Ullah Khan was the AL candidate while Jahangir Alam contested the polls as a rebel candidate.According to party insiders, Jahangir has been instructed to work for the elections.“I’ve been working since the last city corporation election. I was also told to work for the polls. Other formalities will start after the schedule of the election is announced,’’ he told Prothom Alo. * This report, originally published in Prothom Alo print edition, has been rewritten in English by Rabiul Islam and Imam Hossainlast_img read more

first_imgPrime minister Sheikh Hasina and veteran Indian actress Sharmila Tagore will be honoured with honorary Doctor of Literature (D.Litt) at a convocation of Kazi Nazrul University in Asansol on 26 May, reports webindia123.com quoting official sources on Wednesday.The prime minister is expected to reach West Bengal on 25 May for the inauguration of the Bangladesh centre at Santiniketan, Bolpur, where Indian prime minister Narendra Modi, Bengal governor KS Tripathi and chief minister Mamata Banerjee will also attend a convocation of Visva Bharati.After a night halt there, the Bangladesh prime minister would visit Kazi Nazrul University at Asansol where she will receive honorary D Litt from the authorities.Along with Sheikh Hasina veteran actress Sharmila Tagore would also be honoured with honorary doctorate.Tripathi, Ms Banerjee and state education minister Partha Chatterjee would also attend the convocation.Scientist Yusuf Hasan of Bhabha Atomic Research Centre will also be honoured by the university, sources said.last_img read more

first_imgThe Central Intelligence Agency is able to permanently infect an Apple Mac computer so that even reinstalling the operating system will not erase the bug, according to documents published Thursday by WikiLeaks.In its second release allegedly from the CIA’s arsenal of hacking tools, WikiLeaks also said that it appears the US spy agency has been able since 2008 to insert it bugs onto new and unused iPhones by intervening in Apple’s supply and distribution network.The release follows the initial publication on March 9 by the anti-secrecy group of thousands of pages of instructions and code from what it called the entire CIA arsenal of hacking tools.The documents are generally believed to be genuine although the CIA has not acknowledged this.The publication of the documents sparked a US counterintelligence investigation into how the documents leaked out from the CIA and made their way to WikiLeaks, with some people pointing fingers at the agency’s use of private subcontractors as a likely source.The newest documents focus on how the CIA targets Apple’s popular personal electronics to spy on users.They show the CIA developed a tool in 2012 called “Sonic Screwdriver” that can hijack an Apple computer’s password-protected boot process from peripheral devices like adapters and USB drives.By doing so, they can inject a undetectable bug deep into the computer’s essential firmware that will not be erased even when the computer is reformatted.The manual for the “NightSkies” bug shows that the CIA developed it in 2008 to be implanted physically in brand new iPhones.”While CIA assets are sometimes used to physically infect systems in the custody of a target, it is likely that many CIA physical access attacks have infected the targeted organization’s supply chain including by interdicting mail orders and other shipments,” WikiLeaks said.The documents provide a glimpse into the workings of the CIA. One showed the agency urgently trying to adapt NightSkies to a certain Apple laptop.The agency “has the opportunity to gift a MacBook Air to a target that will be implanted with this tool,” one 2009 document said.”The tool will be a beacon/implant that runs in the background of a MacBook Air that provides us with command and control capabilities.”last_img read more

first_imgUnlike similar initiatives in other states, this rule was crafted quietly within the Texas Workforce Commission, not by elected officials. The Texas rule was drafted using language lifted directly from proposals lobbyists sent to commission officials months before. That’s according to internal emails obtained by the advocacy group Workers Defense Project. The group’s executive director Jose Garza demanded the rule be revoked outside an agency building in Austin.“The proposed rule as we sit here today sits under a heavy cloud of corruption and suspicion and the TWC [Texas Workforce Commission] has a lot of explaining to do,” said Garza. 00:00 /00:59 Listen To embed this piece of audio in your site, please use this code: X Elizabeth Trovall/Houston Public MediaLobbyists working for the digital app Handy corresponded with the Texas Workforce Commission months before the new gig-economy rule was proposed.Workers who offer home repair, food delivery and other services through digital apps could lose certain protections under a rule proposed by the Texas Workforce Commission.Advocates are calling on the state agency to withdraw the rule, which would classify workers as contractors, not employees, when dispatched by a digital platform.By classifying their workers as contractors, gig-economy employers (like Uber, Lyft or Handy) wouldn’t have to pay out unemployment insurance. State Representative Ramón Romero (D) is from Fort Worth and said these rules should have been debated by elected officials as in all other states.“Changes such as these, that are for the gig-economy companies’ wide discretion in categorizing their employees as contractors rather than employees, should be deliberated by the legislature with public input rather than decided on by appointed commissioners,” Romero said. A spokesperson for the Texas Workforce Commission told News 88.7 they stand by their rule making process.“When drafting rules, TWC program staff may rely on their expertise, their own professional research, or review of legislation in other states. This was the case in the drafting of TWC proposed rules on digital marketplace platforms,” the commission’s spokesperson said in a written statement. Across the country, lobbyists from digital employment platforms, like Handy, are pushing legislation to classify workers as contractors. In all other cases so far, lobbyists have passed initiatives legislatively. Similar laws to the Texas rule failed to pass or were withdrawn in states like Colorado and Georgia. The Texas Workforce Commission proposed this rule in late December 2018 and is not yet in effect.  Sharelast_img read more

first_img Dandelion seeds reveal newly discovered form of natural flight Explore further Credit: CC0 Public Domain More information: P. G. Ledda et al. Flow dynamics of a dandelion pappus: A linear stability approach, Physical Review Fluids (2019). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevFluids.4.071901 Last year, a team at the University of Edinburgh published the results of their study on the flight of dandelion seeds, conducted using cameras and miniature wind tunnels. They discovered that the unique design of the pappus—the parachute-looking bristles—allowed the seeds to float on the wind in a very efficient manner. They found that as the pappus floats along, the spines channel the air around them in such a way as to form a vortex in the pappus’s wake. And because the air pressure is lower in the vortex, the pappus and its seed cargo are able to remain aloft longer than they would otherwise. In this new effort, the researchers sought to better understand the role of the number of spines in creating the vortex and in maintaining flight stability.To better understand the flight behavior of the pappus, the researchers created models to mimic its behavior using equations from fluid dynamics. In their paper, they describe their models as collections of rods connected together in a way that was similar to the spokes on a bicycle wheel. The physics equations allowed them to model airflow patterns that occur naturally as a pappus floats through the air. Credit: Physical Review Fluids (2019). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevFluids.4.071901 The researchers report that their models showed the same kinds of vortices forming as the researchers with the prior effort had seen first-hand. They next ran the models using different numbers of rods. They found that the optimum number was 100, which matched the number found in a real pappus. At this number, the pappus was most stable while floating—with more rods, flight became unstable; with fewer rods, flight distance was reduced. They suggest their findings could be used to design lighter-weight parachutes.center_img Citation: Equations from fluid dynamics used to find optimum arrangement of rods in dandelion pappus (2019, July 10) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-07-equations-fluid-dynamics-optimum-rods.html A team of researchers from École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, the University of Twente and Università di Pisa has used equations from fluid dynamics to find the optimum arrangement of rods in a dandelion pappus. In their paper published in the journal Physical Review Letters, the group describes their work and what it showed. © 2019 Science X Network This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Journal information: Physical Review Letterslast_img read more

first_imgChildhood emotional experiences of individuals can have long lasting consequences in adulthood while they perform a task, a study revealed. In a the study published in the online journal, Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, the researchers stated that emotional bond shared with parents in early childhood generates our ability to regulate emotions as adults.“But not everyone’s actions are impacted by emotions to the same extent. Some of us had emotionally responsive caregivers or parents in childhood, while others didn’t,” said Christine Heinisch, researcher at the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Germany. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfAccording to the attachment theory in Psychology, childhood experiences influences the ability to regulate emotions as adults. “We expected those having problems with emotional regulation to make more errors in performing a task – and one significant variable influencing this is our attachment experience,” Heinisch added. To test this theory, they conducted a study on adults with different childhood experiences and performed a task of identifying a target letter from among a series of flashing letters.  Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveThis task was administered under conditions that evoked a positive, neutral or negative emotional state. The researchers then assessed task performance and analysed electroencephalogram (EEG) recordings of brain function in their subjects.Subjects who did not have emotionally responsive caregivers in childhood (insecure-attached) had more trouble performing under emotionally negative conditions than the others (secure-attached). They also had lower brain activity in response to the target letter under negative conditions than secure-attached subjects. The lower task performance correlated with inefficient strategies for emotional regulation seen in insecure-attached adults. This could mean that a greater share of cognitive resources was allocated for regulating emotions, and consequently, less was available for performing the task.last_img read more

first_imgKolkata: An app-cab driver has been recently arrested for assaulting an autistic child inside the cab. Authorities of Uber, the app-based cab service, apologised for the incident and returned the fare amount. According to sources, Piyali Gupta’s six-year-old son is autistic. He studies in a school at Gariahat area. Everyday his grandmother Pratima takes him to his school. On Tuesday she booked an Uber ride to reach Gariahat.Pratima was handing over the fare to the driver, the child allegedly touched the air conditioner inside the car. The app-cab driver Chandreswar Rai allegedly threatened the child to beat him. As the child could not understand him properly, he again touched the air conditioner. This time, Rai in fit of rage twisted his arm. Seeing Rai assaulting her grandson, Pratima protested. Rai allegedly threatened her with dire consequences. He also told Pratima not to move around with an austistic child. Pratima informed Piyali who lodged a complaint with the Uber. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: MamataOn Wednesday, Piyali lodged a complaint with the Gariahat police station narrating the whole incident. Upon receiving the complaint sleuths got in touch with the Uber authorities in Delhi. Following the details given by the police, Uber authorities reportedly located the cab using GPS and informed the police. Later police arrested Rai from Baranagar. He has been booked under sections 341(punishment for wrongful restraint), 323 (punishment for voluntarily causing hurt) and 506 (punishment for criminal intimidation) of the IPC.last_img read more

first_imgTele Columbus’s Hanover HQGerman cable operator Tele Columbus has acquired Mönchengladbach fibre access provider Big Medienversorgung, adding about 12,700 connected households in North Rhine-Westphalia, Baden-Württemberg and Berlin to its subscriber base.Tele Columbus said it would offer its own internet and telephony packages over Big Medienversorgung’s network. The latter’s network is expected to grow to 16,400 connected households by the end of the year.The acquisition followed Tele Columbus’ announcement that it had become a stock corporation and that Tele Columbus Holdikng GmbH would be known as Tele Columbus AG going forwards.The change will lead to the creation of a new supervisory board. CEO Ronny Verhelst said the change would give the company more flexibility to achieve growth.Verhelst and chief financial officer Frank Posnanski will form the executive board, with chief commercial officer Stefan Beberweil and chief technology officer Reinhard Sauer making up the senior management team.KBC Bank and Insurance supervisory board member and former Telenet chairman Frank Donck will head the supervisory board, which will also include Pamplona Capital Management partner Carsten Boekhorst and former Belgian prime minister and OECD vice-president Yves Leterme.last_img read more